Biodiversity Genetic Resources And Intellectual Property

Biodiversity Genetic Resources And Intellectual Property Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biodiversity Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property
✏Author : Kamalesh Adhikari
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2018-03-09
✏Pages : 262
✏ISBN : 9781351580335
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biodiversity Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property Book Summary : Debates about Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) have moved on in recent years. An initial focus on the legal obligations established by international agreements like the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity and the form of obligations for collecting physical biological materials have now moved to a far more complex series of disputes and challenges about the ways ABS should be implemented and enforced: repatriation of resources, technology transfer, traditional knowledge and cultural expressions; open access to information and knowledge, naming conventions, farmers’ rights, new schemes for accessing pandemic viruses and sharing DNA sequences, and so on. Unfortunately, most of this debate is now crystallised into apparently intractable discussions such as implementing the certificates of origin, recognising traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expression as a form of intellectual property, and sovereignty for Indigenous peoples. Not everything in this new marketplace of ABS has been created de novo. Like most new entrants, ABS has disrupted existing legal and governance arrangements. This collection of chapters examines what is new, what has been changed, and what might be changed in response to the growing acceptance and prevalence of ABS of genetic resources. Biodiversity, Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property: Developments in Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources addresses current issues arising from recent developments in the enduring and topical debates about managing genetic resources through the ABS regime. The book explores key historical, doctrinal, and theoretical issues in the field, at the same time developing new ideas and perspectives around ABS. It shows the latest state of knowledge and will be of interest to researchers, academics, policymakers, and students in the fields of intellectual property, governance, biodiversity and conservation, sustainable development, and agriculture.

Intellectual Property Rights Trade And Biodiversity Book PDF
✏Book Title : Intellectual Property Rights Trade and Biodiversity
✏Author : Graham Dutfield
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2000-03-01
✏Pages : 240
✏ISBN : 9781136533556
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Intellectual Property Rights Trade and Biodiversity Book Summary : This text examines the international agreements governing trade in genetic resources - crucial resources for world agriculture, food security and large industries such as pharmaceuticals. Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) in these resources are critical for those involved in the trade, including industry and developing countries. The book analyzes the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), World Trade Organization agreements and other agreements. It explains how they can be integrated into an equitable training regime.

Intellectual Property And Biodiversity Book PDF
✏Book Title : Intellectual Property and Biodiversity
✏Author : Michelangelo Temmerman
✏Publisher : Kluwer Law International B.V.
✏Release Date : 2011-12-12
✏Pages : 320
✏ISBN : 9789041142870
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Intellectual Property and Biodiversity Book Summary : Biotechnology is at the heart of heated debates about ethics, safety, economic development, and about the control over the biological materials and technologies used. The latter, grossly called biodiversity issues relating to the application of intellectual property, has been the subject of a wealth of literature. Yet, the situation of animal genetic resources specifically has only marginally been addressed so far. Many books and articles address ‘biotechnology and agriculture’, but have only plants and seeds in mind. Case-law and specific regulation is equally scarce. Exacerbated by the so-called ‘erosion of animal genetic resources’, climate change, the globalization of the market-place, and a strong concentration of markets, animal genetic resources however demand specific analysis and adjustments in intellectual property law. The decoupling of rights over animal genetic resources as an abstract concept, from those over the concrete animals is a fact today. The application of patents in this context became a full-fledged part of the management of animal genetic resources. This monograph analyzes against this background the impact of the patent system on ownership traditions in agriculture, on animal welfare, and on biodiversity. It looks at how those factors in turn are likely to affect the shape of patent law, and how they should affect it. The author hereby focuses on important specific issues arising, including the following: the underlying elements deciding on the shape of regulation – innovation, economic development, agriculture, human rights, animal welfare, the conservation of resources, and equal trading conditions; the continuing applicability of trademarks, geographical indications, copyright, and trade secrets; patentability rules and exclusions; the extension of patent rights over progeny; the meaning of ‘essentially biotechnological processes’; the legal definitions of ‘morality’ and ‘ordre public’ in the context of animal welfare; and the future of international patent law in the context of global governance theories. With detailed investigation of how three major jurisdictions – the European Union, the United States, and Canada – have regulated the matter, the book highlights unresolved issues in the laws dealing with animal genetic resources. How do the usual principles of patent law affect ownership over animals in agriculture? To what extent is patent law in accordance with neighbouring fields of regulation, with relation to animal welfare? How can intellectual property be used to alter, stimulate, or tackle developments in the realm of the conservation and promotion of biodiversity? Questions like these are asked, checked upon the more technical country studies; and then used to put to test the adequacy of international patent regulation in a final chapter. As a deeply informed overview of the arguments and discussion points, this is the only book of its kind. It links general discussions to the often technical and complicated patent regulations, in the specific context of animal genetic resources. It is sure to bring lawyers in the field closer to the policy debates; and decision makers closer to the precise idiosyncrasies of patent law.

Bibliography On Access To Plant Genetic Resources And Intellectual Property Rights Book PDF
✏Book Title : Bibliography on Access to Plant Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property Rights
✏Author :
✏Publisher : Bioversity International
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Bibliography on Access to Plant Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property Rights Book Summary :

Rights To Plant Genetic Resources And Traditional Knowledge Book PDF
✏Book Title : Rights to Plant Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge
✏Author : Susette Biber-Klemm
✏Publisher : CABI
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages : 400
✏ISBN : 9781845930042
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Rights to Plant Genetic Resources and Traditional Knowledge Book Summary : This book discusses the means, instruments and institutions to create incentives to promote conservation and sustainable use of traditional knowledge and plant genetic resources for food and agriculture, in the framework of the world trade order. It approaches these topics on a broad basis: it analyses in depth the option to create specific sui generis intellectual property rights of the TRIPS Agreement. It then discusses the ways to support the maintenance of information which cannot be allocated to specific authors, and examines alternative concepts within the trade of traditionally generated information and related products. This book will be of significant interest to those studying and researching biotechnology, plant breeding, genetic resources, intellectual property law and agricultural economics.

📒People Plants And Patents ✍ Crucible Group

People Plants And Patents Book PDF
✏Book Title : People Plants and Patents
✏Author : Crucible Group
✏Publisher : IDRC
✏Release Date : 1994-01
✏Pages : 116
✏ISBN : 9780889367258
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏People Plants and Patents Book Summary : People, Plants and Patents: The impact of intellectual property on biodiversity, conservation, trade and rural society

A Simple Guide To Intellectual Property Rights Biodiversity And Traditional Knowledge Book PDF
✏Book Title : A Simple Guide to Intellectual Property Rights Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge
✏Author : Tejaswini Apte
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2006
✏Pages : 151
✏ISBN : WISC:89095214508
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏A Simple Guide to Intellectual Property Rights Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge Book Summary :

The Protection Of Biodiversity And Traditional Knowledge In International Law Of Intellectual Property Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Protection of Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge in International Law of Intellectual Property
✏Author : Jonathan Curci
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 2010
✏Pages : 346
✏ISBN : 9780521199445
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Protection of Biodiversity and Traditional Knowledge in International Law of Intellectual Property Book Summary : Analyses the methods of protection of biodiversity and related traditional knowledge in the international and comparative national intellectual property systems.

Biodiversity Traditional Knowledge Intellectual Property Rights Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biodiversity Traditional Knowledge Intellectual Property Rights
✏Author : S. RAM REDDY
✏Publisher : Scientific Publishers
✏Release Date : 2016-06-01
✏Pages : 261
✏ISBN : 9789386102065
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biodiversity Traditional Knowledge Intellectual Property Rights Book Summary : The present book “Biodiversity, Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property Rights“ elaborates principles of biodiversity right from definitions and concepts to strategies for conservation of biodiversity. It also explains the roles and functions of international organizations like CBD in biodiversity conservation. The unique feature of this book is it connects biodiversity, traditional knowledge and intellectual property rights. Different aspects of biodiversity related traditional knowledge and international initiatives undertaken to protect the rights of traditional knowledge holders are discussed.

📒Biodiversity And The Law ✍ Charles R. McManis

Biodiversity And The Law Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biodiversity and the Law
✏Author : Charles R. McManis
✏Publisher : Earthscan
✏Release Date : 2012
✏Pages : 521
✏ISBN : 9781849770576
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biodiversity and the Law Book Summary : How do we promote global economic development, while simultaneously preserving local biological and cultural diversity? This authoritative volume, written by leading legal experts and biological and social scientists from around the world, addresses this question in all of its complexity. The first part of the book focuses on biodiversity and examines what we are losing, why and what is to be done. The second part addresses biotechnology and looks at whether it is part of the solution or part of the problem, or perhaps both. The third section examines traditional knowledge, explains what it is and how, if at all, it should be protected. The fourth and final part looks at ethnobotany and bioprospecting and offers practical lessons from the vast and diverse experiences of the contributors.