Genetic Resources As Natural Information

Genetic Resources As Natural Information Book PDF
✏Book Title : Genetic Resources as Natural Information
✏Author : Manuel Ruiz Muller
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2015-09-16
✏Pages : 138
✏ISBN : 9781317624165
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Genetic Resources as Natural Information Book Summary : Demonstrating the shortcomings of current policy and legal approaches to access and benefit-sharing (ABS) in the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), this book recognizes that genetic resources are widely distributed across countries and that bilateral contracts undermine fairness and equity. The book offers a practical and feasible regulatory alternative to ensure the goal of fairness and equity is effectively and efficiently met. Through a legal analysis that also incorporates historic, economic and sociological perspectives, the book argues that genetic resources are not tangible resources but information. It shows that the existing preference for bilateralism and contracts reflects resistance on the part of many of the stakeholders involved in the CBD process to recognize them as such. ABS issues respond very well to the economics of information, yet as the author explains, these have been either sidelined or overlooked. At a time when the Nagoya Protocol on ABS has renewed interest in feasible policy options, the author provides a constructive and provocative critique. The institutional, policy and regulatory framework constitute "bounded openness" under which fairness and equity emerge.

Exam Prep For Genetic Resources As Natural Information  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Exam Prep for Genetic Resources as Natural Information
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Exam Prep for Genetic Resources as Natural Information Book Summary :

Biodiversity Genetic Resources And Intellectual Property Book PDF
✏Book Title : Biodiversity Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property
✏Author : Kamalesh Adhikari
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2018-03-09
✏Pages : 262
✏ISBN : 9781351580335
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Biodiversity Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property Book Summary : Debates about Access and Benefit Sharing (ABS) have moved on in recent years. An initial focus on the legal obligations established by international agreements like the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity and the form of obligations for collecting physical biological materials have now moved to a far more complex series of disputes and challenges about the ways ABS should be implemented and enforced: repatriation of resources, technology transfer, traditional knowledge and cultural expressions; open access to information and knowledge, naming conventions, farmers’ rights, new schemes for accessing pandemic viruses and sharing DNA sequences, and so on. Unfortunately, most of this debate is now crystallised into apparently intractable discussions such as implementing the certificates of origin, recognising traditional knowledge and traditional cultural expression as a form of intellectual property, and sovereignty for Indigenous peoples. Not everything in this new marketplace of ABS has been created de novo. Like most new entrants, ABS has disrupted existing legal and governance arrangements. This collection of chapters examines what is new, what has been changed, and what might be changed in response to the growing acceptance and prevalence of ABS of genetic resources. Biodiversity, Genetic Resources and Intellectual Property: Developments in Access and Benefit Sharing of Genetic Resources addresses current issues arising from recent developments in the enduring and topical debates about managing genetic resources through the ABS regime. The book explores key historical, doctrinal, and theoretical issues in the field, at the same time developing new ideas and perspectives around ABS. It shows the latest state of knowledge and will be of interest to researchers, academics, policymakers, and students in the fields of intellectual property, governance, biodiversity and conservation, sustainable development, and agriculture.

Global Governance Of Genetic Resources Book PDF
✏Book Title : Global Governance of Genetic Resources
✏Author : Sebastian Oberthür
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-10-30
✏Pages : 268
✏ISBN : 9781135135485
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Global Governance of Genetic Resources Book Summary : This book analyses the status and prospects of the global governance of Access Benefit Sharing (ABS) in the aftermath of 2010’s Nagoya Protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The CBD’s initial 1992 framework of global ABS governance established the objective of sharing the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources fairly between countries and communities. Since then, ABS has been a contested issue in international politics – not least due to the failure of effective implementation of the original CBD framework. The Nagoya Protocol therefore aims to improve and enhance this framework. Compared to the slow rate of progress on climate change, it has been considered a major achievement of global environmental governance, but it has also been coined a ‘masterpiece of ambiguity’. This book analyses the role of a variety of actors in the emergence of the Nagoya Protocol and provides an up-to-date assessment of the core features of the architecture of global ABS governance. This book offers a central resource regarding ABS governance for those working on and interested in global environmental governance. This is achieved by focusing on two broad themes of the wider research agenda on global environmental governance, namely architecture and agency. Furthermore, individual chapter contributions relate and link ABS governance to other prominent debates in the field, such as institutional complexes, compliance, market-based approaches, EU leadership, the role of small states, the role of non-state actors and more. Partly due to its seeming technical complexity, ABS governance has so far not been at the centre of attention of scholars and practitioners of global environmental governance. In this book, care is taken to provide an accessible account of key functional features of the governance system which enables non-specialists to gain a grasp on the main issues involved, allowing the issue of ABS governance to move centre-stage and be more fully recognised in discussions on global environmental governance.

Marine Genetic Resources R D And The Law 1 Book PDF
✏Book Title : Marine Genetic Resources R D and the Law 1
✏Author : Bleuenn Guilloux
✏Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
✏Release Date : 2018-06-21
✏Pages : 302
✏ISBN : 9781119528166
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Marine Genetic Resources R D and the Law 1 Book Summary : Advances in research and development reveal the immense diversity and potential of marine genetic resources. Under international law, no specific regime applies to these complex and paradoxical objects of use. The Law of the Sea Convention sets a framework that is partly inadequate for this new category of resources. The Biodiversity Convention and the Nagoya Protocol only address the genetic resources of national areas. Patents allow their holder to exercise a monopoly on exploiting biotechnological creations to extensive claims, questioning the common nature of biodiversity and related knowledge. They hinder research and the objectives of biodiversity law. The legal and practical rules of physical and functional access vary in geometry. They focus on the valorization of research results, crystallizing conflicts of interest between suppliers and users. Sustainable research and development is essential to the knowledge and protection of marine biodiversity. The qualification of marine genetic resources in common, standard contractual tools, distributed research and development infrastructures, negotiation of an agreement on sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity beyond the limits of national jurisdiction, would To remove these inconsistencies.

Conservation Of Genetic Resources Book PDF
✏Book Title : Conservation of Genetic Resources
✏Author : Detlef Virchow
✏Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
✏Release Date : 1999-03-29
✏Pages : 243
✏ISBN : 3540653430
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Conservation of Genetic Resources Book Summary : Over the past decade the importance of natural resources for sustainable agricultural development has been increasingly discussed at international forums and conferences. Aside from the sustainable management of soil, water, and air, it now seems to be accepted that the sustainable management of genetic resources is one of the four indispensable preconditions for a sustainable agriculture. The discussion on conservation of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA), however, has to reflect the costs of conservation as well. These have not yet been discussed intensively. The study analyzes the conservation costs of plant genetic resources; it also assesses the effectiveness of conservation and the efficiency of the different conservation instruments. It is based on extensive surveys in relevant countries. Following the detailed cost and impact analysis, the results show that the effectiveness of conservation strategies may be increased.

📒Genetic Resources In Plants ✍ Richard Donald Brock

Genetic Resources In Plants Book PDF
✏Book Title : Genetic Resources in Plants
✏Author : Richard Donald Brock
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 1970
✏Pages : 554
✏ISBN : UCSD:31822009597378
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Genetic Resources in Plants Book Summary : Biological background; Genetic resources; Evolution of cultivated plants; Centers of diversity and centers of origin; Geographic variation in forest trees; Exemples of exploration; Exploration in agriculture and horticulture; Exploration in forestry; Evaluation and utilization; Documentation, records and retrieval; Conservation.

The Commercial Use Of Biodiversity Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Commercial Use of Biodiversity
✏Author : Kerry ten Kate
✏Publisher : Earthscan
✏Release Date : 1999
✏Pages : 398
✏ISBN : 9781853839412
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Commercial Use of Biodiversity Book Summary : • First ever collection of findings about the proliferation of urban agriculture written by the world’s leading authority in the field• Urban agriculture feeds hundreds of millions of people worldwide and is a rapidly emerging issue in urban and developm

Forest Genetic Resources Book PDF
✏Book Title : Forest Genetic Resources
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2001
✏Pages : 317
✏ISBN : UOM:39015051821497
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Forest Genetic Resources Book Summary : Contributed articles presented at a National Workshop on Forest Genetic Resources held at Bangalore on 18-19 July 2000.

Plant Genetic Resources Of Ethiopia Book PDF
✏Book Title : Plant Genetic Resources of Ethiopia
✏Author : J. M. M. Engels
✏Publisher : Cambridge University Press
✏Release Date : 1991-03-21
✏Pages : 383
✏ISBN : 0521384567
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Plant Genetic Resources of Ethiopia Book Summary : One of the world centers of crop evolution and origin, Ethiopia has long been recognized as an important area of diversity for several major and various minor crops. Based on an international conference held in Addis Ababa, this book describes how plant genetic diversity in Ethiopia is of vital importance in breeding new varieties of crops with desirable characteristics, such as increased resistance to pests and diseases and greater adaptation to heat and drought. The three main sections in the book consider the Ethiopian center of diversity, germ plasm or genetic material collection and conservation in Ethiopia, and the evaluation and utilization of Ethiopian genetic resources. A broad range of food and feed crops and plants of medicinal and industrial importance are discussed, both at a national and international level. A brief account of conservation strategies and gene bank problems unique to Ethiopia is also given. The importance of Ethiopia's plant genetic resources to world agriculture has been demonstrated on more than one occasion. Plant breeders, geneticists, and botanists throughout the world will, therefore, find this unique book a valuable source of information and an essential reference work.