Global Governance Of Genetic Resources

Global Governance Of Genetic Resources Book PDF
✏Book Title : Global Governance of Genetic Resources
✏Author : Sebastian Oberthür
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-10-30
✏Pages : 268
✏ISBN : 9781135135485
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Global Governance of Genetic Resources Book Summary : This book analyses the status and prospects of the global governance of Access Benefit Sharing (ABS) in the aftermath of 2010’s Nagoya Protocol to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). The CBD’s initial 1992 framework of global ABS governance established the objective of sharing the benefits arising from the use of genetic resources fairly between countries and communities. Since then, ABS has been a contested issue in international politics – not least due to the failure of effective implementation of the original CBD framework. The Nagoya Protocol therefore aims to improve and enhance this framework. Compared to the slow rate of progress on climate change, it has been considered a major achievement of global environmental governance, but it has also been coined a ‘masterpiece of ambiguity’. This book analyses the role of a variety of actors in the emergence of the Nagoya Protocol and provides an up-to-date assessment of the core features of the architecture of global ABS governance. This book offers a central resource regarding ABS governance for those working on and interested in global environmental governance. This is achieved by focusing on two broad themes of the wider research agenda on global environmental governance, namely architecture and agency. Furthermore, individual chapter contributions relate and link ABS governance to other prominent debates in the field, such as institutional complexes, compliance, market-based approaches, EU leadership, the role of small states, the role of non-state actors and more. Partly due to its seeming technical complexity, ABS governance has so far not been at the centre of attention of scholars and practitioners of global environmental governance. In this book, care is taken to provide an accessible account of key functional features of the governance system which enables non-specialists to gain a grasp on the main issues involved, allowing the issue of ABS governance to move centre-stage and be more fully recognised in discussions on global environmental governance.

The Global Governance Of Genetic Resources Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Global Governance of Genetic Resources
✏Author : Florian Rabitz
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2017-04-28
✏Pages : 186
✏ISBN : 9781351984690
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Global Governance of Genetic Resources Book Summary : Multi-institutional governance architectures are increasingly common in world politics, yet how do they evolve over time? This book develops a fresh conceptual approach by distinguishing two main types of institutional change and by proposing the strategic context within which governments make decisions regarding international cooperation as the main driving factor. Applying this theoretical framework to the case of genetic resources, it shows how the scope for change has persistently been circumscribed by asymmetries in the global biotechnology sector. Taking a broad view of the underlying technological, legal and economic factors, the book analyzes the formation of international regimes linking access to genetic resources to the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of their utilization. Covering negotiations in the areas of seeds, intellectual property rights, pandemic influenza viruses and marine genetic resources, the author shows how governments have persistently faced the problem of ensuring cooperation among actors with widely differing interests. This led them to opt for a strategy of institutional layering, whereby new international instruments are gradually built upon pre-existing ones. In addition to giving a comprehensive overview of the international governance of Access and Benefit-sharing within the wider context of modern biotechnology, the argument developed here enables a new perspective for studying institutional change in multi-institutional governance architectures.

Power And The Global Governance Of Plant Genetic Resources Book PDF
✏Book Title : Power and the Global Governance of Plant Genetic Resources
✏Author : Johanna Sutherland
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2000
✏Pages : 588
✏ISBN : OCLC:222930169
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Power and the Global Governance of Plant Genetic Resources Book Summary :

Governance Of Genetic Resources Book PDF
✏Book Title : Governance of Genetic Resources
✏Author : Catherine Rhodes
✏Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
✏Release Date : 2013-11-29
✏Pages : 272
✏ISBN : 9781781007006
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Governance of Genetic Resources Book Summary : This timely study will be of interest to students and academics concerned with the management of genetic resources and its connection to issues such as intellectual property rights, biodiversity conservation and food security. It will appeal strongly t

Exam Prep For Global Governance Of Genetic Resources  Book PDF
✏Book Title : Exam Prep for Global Governance of Genetic Resources
✏Author :
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date :
✏Pages :
✏ISBN :
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Exam Prep for Global Governance of Genetic Resources Book Summary :

International Governance Of Plant Genetic Resources And International Relations Theory Book PDF
✏Book Title : International Governance of Plant Genetic Resources and International Relations Theory
✏Author : Kent Nnadozie
✏Publisher :
✏Release Date : 2016
✏Pages :
✏ISBN : OCLC:964093001
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏International Governance of Plant Genetic Resources and International Relations Theory Book Summary : "Abstract The international interactions that underpin global rules on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA) and related intellectual property rights (IPRs) are a dynamic force of change, subject to continuously norm-generating evolution, and increasingly impinge on national legal regimes in significant ways. These developments are characterised by an increasing density of issues and convergence of processes from different sectors, imbued with a range of legal and socio-political implications. This situation has led to a very challenging legal and political landscape, thus necessitating a better understanding of the drivers and implications of these developments. Building on recent trends, which seek to foster interdisciplinarity and more substantive interfaces between the disciplines of International Law and International Relations (IR), this thesis shows how IR theory can provide a complementary and mutually supportive understanding of the international context in which international law and rules are made in the field of PGRFA and IP, as well as the interactional dynamics that inform, determine, and transform the normative outcomes in related fora.This research further explores and explains the specific ways that IR theory can be applied to explain the basis for the contradictions and transformations in the conception and governance of PGRFA and related IPRs in international law, and how the international legal landscape has transformed as a result, including how the dual forces of international law and IR serve as constraining forces on the expression of national sovereignty in these areas. It concludes that, in both academic research and actual policy formulation and implementation, the interface between IR theory and international law offers remarkably concrete and explanatory possibilities for the international governance of PGRFA and related IPRs." --

Intellectual Property In Global Governance Book PDF
✏Book Title : Intellectual Property in Global Governance
✏Author : Chidi Oguamanam
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013-03-01
✏Pages : 280
✏ISBN : 9781136659478
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Intellectual Property in Global Governance Book Summary : Intellectual Property in Global Governance critically examines the evolution of international intellectual property law-making from the build up to the TRIPS Agreement, through the TRIPS and post-TRIPS era. The book focuses on a number of thematic intellectual property issue linkages, exploring the formal and informal institutional interactions and multi-stakeholder holder intrigues implicated in the global governance of intellectual property. Using examples from bio-technology, bio-diversity, bio-prospecting and bio-piracy it investigates the shift or concentration in the focus of innovation from physical to life sciences and the ensuing changes in international intellectual property law making and their implications for intellectual property jurisprudence. It examines the character of the reception, resistance and various nuanced reactions to the changes brought about by the TRIPS Agreement, exploring the various institutional sites and patterns of such responses, as well as the escalation in the issue-linkages associated with the concept and impact of intellectual property law. Drawing upon multiple methodological approaches including law and legal theory; regime theory, globalization and global governance Chidi Oguamanam explores the intellectual property dynamics in the "Global Knowledge Economy" focusing on digitization and information revolution phenomenon and the concept of a post-industrial society. The book articulates an agenda for global governance of intellectual property law in the 21st century and speculates on the future of intellectual property in North-South relations.

Crop Genetic Resources As A Global Commons Book PDF
✏Book Title : Crop Genetic Resources as a Global Commons
✏Author : Michael Halewood
✏Publisher : Routledge
✏Release Date : 2013
✏Pages : 399
✏ISBN : 9781844078929
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Crop Genetic Resources as a Global Commons Book Summary : The Earth's plant genetic resources are a common inheritance of all humankind, which should be held in shared trust for a common future. A key component of the global genetic commons is agricultural biodiversity. Our food and livelihood security depend on the sustained management of these diverse biological resources that are important for food and agriculture. Whilst agricultural biodiversity originates in specific farming communities, it has been shared widely and is considered by many to be part of the much-threatened global commons.This book is about the creation, management and use of the global crop commons. It focuses primarily on the legal and administrative construct that provides the basis of the global crop commons, that is, the multilateral system of access and benefit-sharing created by the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. This is particularly significant because it transcends the traditional dichotomy between privatization and total governmental control. It came into effect in 2006 and the book describes its origins and implementation since then, showing how many international organizations and some developing countries are moving quickly with implementation, while other countries are moving slowly and some multinational corporations are expressing misgivings about the system overall. The authors further analyze current challenges and how they might be resolved.

The Diffusion Of Power In Global Governance Book PDF
✏Book Title : The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance
✏Author : S. Guzzini
✏Publisher : Springer
✏Release Date : 2012-10-14
✏Pages : 276
✏ISBN : 9781137283559
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏The Diffusion of Power in Global Governance Book Summary : The study of global governance has often led separate lives within the respective camps of International Political Economy and Foucauldian Studies. Guzzini and Neumann combine these to look at an increasingly global politics with a growing number of agents, recognising the emergence of a global polity.

Managing Institutional Complexity Book PDF
✏Book Title : Managing Institutional Complexity
✏Author : Sebastian Oberthur
✏Publisher : MIT Press
✏Release Date : 2011-08-19
✏Pages : 376
✏ISBN : 9780262297431
✏Available Language : English, Spanish, And French

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✏Managing Institutional Complexity Book Summary : Experts investigate how states and other actors can improve inter-institutional synergy and examine the complexity of overlapping environmental governance structures. Institutional interaction and complexity are crucial to environmental governance and are quickly becoming dominant themes in the international relations and environmental politics literatures. This book examines international institutional interplay and its consequences, focusing on two important issues: how states and other actors can manage institutional interaction to improve synergy and avoid disruption; and what forces drive the emergence and evolution of institutional complexes, sets of institutions that cogovern particular issue areas. The book, a product of the Institutional Dimensions of Global Environmental Change research project (IDGEC), offers both theoretical and empirical perspectives. Chapters range from analytical overviews to case studies of institutional interaction, interplay management, and regime complexes in areas including climate change, fisheries management, and conservation of biodiversity. Contributors discuss such issues as the complicated management of fragmented multilateral institutions addressing climate change; the possible “chilling effect” on environmental standards from existing commitments; governance niches in Arctic resource protection; the relationships among treaties on conservation and use of plant genetic resources; causal factors in cross-case variation of regime prevalence; and the difficult relationship between the World Trade Organization and multilateral environmental agreements. The book offers a broad overview of research on interplay management and institutional complexes that provides important insights across the field of global environmental governance.